The middle paragraphs of the essay are collectively known as the body paragraphs and, as alluded to above, the main purpose of a body paragraph is to spell out in detail the examples that support your thesis. For the first body paragraph you should use your strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point as in the case of chronological explanations is required.
The first sentence of this paragraph should be the topic sentence of the paragraph that directly relates to the examples listed in the mini-outline of introductory paragraph. A one sentence body paragraph that simply cites the example of "George Washington" or "LeBron James" is not enough, however.
No, following this an effective essay will follow up on this topic sentence by explaining to the reader, in detail, who or what an example is and, more importantly, why that example is relevant.
Even the most famous examples need context. The reader needs to know this and it is your job as the writer to paint the appropriate picture for them. To do this, it is a good idea to provide the reader with five or six relevant facts about the life in general or event in particular you believe most clearly illustrates your point.
Having done that, you then need to explain exactly why this example proves your thesis. The importance of this step cannot be understated although it clearly can be underlined ; this is, after all, the whole reason you are providing the example in the first place. Seal the deal by directly stating why this example is relevant.
The first sentence — the topic sentence - of your body paragraphs needs to have a lot individual pieces to be truly effective. Not only should it open with a transition that signals the change from one idea to the next but also it should ideally also have a common thread which ties all of the body paragraphs together. For example, if you used "first" in the first body paragraph then you should used "secondly" in the second or "on the one hand" and "on the other hand" accordingly. Examples should be relevant to the thesis and so should the explanatory details you provide for them.
It can be hard to summarize the full richness of a given example in just a few lines so make them count. If you are trying to explain why George Washington is a great example of a strong leader, for instance, his childhood adventure with the cherry tree though interesting in another essay should probably be skipped over. You may have noticed that, though the above paragraph aligns pretty closely with the provided outline, there is one large exception: These words are example of a transitional phrase — others include "furthermore," "moreover," but also "by contrast" and "on the other hand" — and are the hallmark of good writing.
Transitional phrases are useful for showing the reader where one section ends and another begins. It may be helpful to see them as the written equivalent of the kinds of spoken cues used in formal speeches that signal the end of one set of ideas and the beginning of another.
In essence, they lead the reader from one section of the paragraph of another. Hopefully this example not only provides another example of an effective body paragraph but also illustrates how transitional phrases can be used to distinguish between them. Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought.
As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format. One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features.
While it does not need to be too long — four well-crafted sentence should be enough — it can make or break and essay. The second type of essay that will be discussed is a persuasive essay.
In order to be able to write one, it is essential to develop a proper understanding of what a persuasive essay is. Just like in the previous example, the name contains some hints about the content. In addition to that, it is also worth pointing out that a good persuasive essay can be quite emotional. In spite of the fact that appealing to emotions may not always be the best strategy to convince the audience, it may still work on various occasions. So, in addition to writing a plan, one should also analyze the people that will read the essay.
Given all of this, it becomes obvious that writing a persuasive essay can be slightly more difficult if compared to the expository essay, but it is not impossible.
Let us review how to write a persuasive essay in no time. The first step is analyzing the audience. In spite of the fact that an essay can address a number of topics and be aimed at reaching different kinds of people, it is better to write a text that would be appealing to a well-educated, general audience.
For example, the thesis will take the form of a clear evaluative statement that will set the tone for the entire paper. Speaking of body paragraphs, one should note that topic sentences will also be more direct.
In other words, the author should not try to maintain neutrality when discussing the topic. It is worth mentioning that it is still not advised that the text features too much emotion.
In other words, while making a statement, the author should know that others may not share it. Other than describing the phenomenon, the author will connect different aspects of it to the thesis statement. This will make it seem that the very nature of the phenomenon supports the point of view of the author.
Click on the picture in order to see the basic structure of a persuasive essay. Here is an example of a good persuasive essay. Suppose, an author writes about dogs and cats, trying to persuade the audience that cats are better than dogs. The introduction will feature some background on the topic, following a thesis statement that clearly states that cats are better than dogs because they do less damage to the property, require fewer resources, and fun to play with.
So, each body paragraph will be used to support this position. If one considers a possible topic sentence, it may take the following forms: It is obvious that this is a somewhat debatable statement, but the author explicitly supports one point of view. Note the fact that this is not done in a way that is disrespectful to the opposite side. So, argument by argument body paragraphs will support the thesis statement.
In the end, the concluding paragraphs will feature the following: The implication for the future, in this case, will focus on persuasion itself, namely that those people who disagree with the author should change their point of view because the arguments that were mentioned above are quite convincing. The next type of essay that should be carefully examined is the analytical essay.
The fundamental element of any analytical essay is carefully examining the premises of a particular argument, and focusing on the smallest details of it. In other words, the author expects the audience to have a general knowledge of the subject.
That is why this type of essay does not present any commonly known facts about the phenomenon. As a result, the extent to which an author is able to make insightful, as well as unexpected remarks about the phenomenon, is the true criterion of whether an essay of this type is good or not. To begin with, the author has to be familiar with the topic that is being discussed. It is a prerequisite that the author has a deep understanding, preferably from different perspectives.
This is important because it will allow one to uncover aspects that may have been overlooked by the public. Click on the image to see the different layers of meaning. The next important element of an analytical essay is methodology. Some authors may be willing to make wild guesses about the true meaning of a phenomenon; however, it is generally expected that the author will be able to come to a conclusion in a logical manner. It is essential for an essay to feature analysis that is transparent.
The audience should be able to trace the logic of the author. Furthermore, it is also important that an analytical essay has a thesis that the author will defend. Since there are numerous ways in which a phenomenon can be interpreted, the essay should choose one and prove that it is worth the attention of the audience.
However, this claim that the author will defend may never be biased. It may reflect the position of a person, but it should be grounded in logic, not in prejudice. The important thing to stress here is that the author should approach the topic passionately, but adhere to some objective guidelines. One can easily understand this type of essay if one examines the following example. First of all, the author should read the poem several times and highlight the words or phrases that he or she believes are important.
The second step is to formulate a thesis that the paper will defend. As soon as one comes up with the thesis, one can start writing the essay. The basic structure will be the same: However, the body paragraphs will be devoted to defending the thesis. The author generally expects that the audience is familiar with the poem or will read it before reading the essay. T However, it is essential to quote different parts of the poem in order to provide evidence for the thesis.
Thus, the author should show that there are images of night, dying light, and darkness used to refer to the idea of death. All this should lead to a logical conclusion that the author of the poem wanted to explore different manifestations of death in life of a person which is a rather insightful claim about the original text. There is one particular type of essay that is quite common for educational facilities — the argumentative essay.
It is considered to be more complex than others, yet if a student has enough practice, they will be able to master it. The name of the essay is somewhat misleading. Contrary to the name, the author is not expected to provide arguments about the topic, but is expected to engage different arguments, often opposing ones, regarding a topic or an issue.
However, one should keep in mind that not every topic has advantages and disadvantages. Sometimes it may be difficult to identify polar views on an issue. Another point to be mentioned is that an argumentative essay will feature the reasoning of other authors. Therefore, it is crucial to credit the original authors.
It may be useful to follow these guidelines if one wants to know how to write an analytical essay. To begin with, one should write a preliminary plan featuring at least two points of view on the issue.
If there is a strict word limit and one is not able to write a lot, it may be useful to keep the argumentation to a minimum. In any case, it is essential to have at least two competing points of view on the topic.
Once again, they do not have to be opposing, just different. The next step is to group different arguments. It is obvious that the proponents of one point of view support it using different evidence. The goal of the author is to collect that evidence and present as clear as possible. The same should be done regarding the second point of view. While the author can use numerous perspectives, it is often advised that a good argumentative essay should feature at least two.
Finally, the last body paragraph should feature the summary of the two points and their brief comparison. Click on the image in order go see the structure of the essay.
Let us consider the following example of an argumentative essay. The topic is going to gym to lose weight. This is a quite controversial topic so it will be easy to find opposing points of view on it. The introduction may point out that obesity has become a significant problem and people use different tools to deal with it.
Going to the gym is one of the ways that are available to a person. The thesis of such an essay will take the following form: The first body paragraph will be devoted to the point of view that states going to gym a viable way to lose weight. The second body paragraph will represent the opposing point of view. It may point out that there may be medical conditions that will prevent a person from losing weight no matter how much one tries, or that one will not be able to lose any weight because of exercise.
A descriptive essay is a type of essay that is often confused with the expository essay. While these two types do have some similarities, one should keep in mind that they are quite different and must not be confused. The major element to be mentioned in this regard is the goal of each essay. As it has already been mentioned before, expository essays serve to present the existing state of affairs of a phenomenon without giving any particular evaluation of it.
While a descriptive essay also presents the existing state to a certain extent, it is much more detailed. Indeed, some find it rather difficult to write a descriptive essay because it requires a lot of specific vocabulary. It is true that one may use general words to describe any phenomenon however, in order to write a good descriptive essay, one may be interested in including some proper terms. That is why it may be useful to make some preparations before writing an essay. Another point that should be mentioned is that the description should be made in a logical way.
In other words, the author must not jump from one element to another. There should be a master plan that one will follow. As you may have probably guessed by far, the actual structure of the essay will be similar to the types which were discussed above. There will be an introduction, three or more body paragraphs, and a conclusion. One should point out that since this type of essay is primarily aimed at describing the phenomenon, it may be rather difficult to defend a particular thesis since the text will focus on the objective quality of the topic.
As a result, the thesis, in this case, will not be something that should be defended, but it will be a statement that outlines the elements that will be discussed further in the paper. Clearly, the major focus of the paper will be on developing proper body paragraphs. It may be useful to devote a single paragraph to a single characteristic.
There are two points to be mentioned here: Now, let us consider a possible example of a descriptive essay. It is quite understandable that material objects are the easiest to describe. Suppose a person needs to write a descriptive essay regarding the Last Supper by Da Vinci. The introduction should feature some information about the author, the work, and the historical context.
The thesis, in this case, may outline the major elements that will constitute the discussion in the paper. For example, the use of perspective, the presentation of the Biblical characters, and the use of colors. It is obvious that one may spend the entire paper describing every single element, so it may be useful to group them so that they may be presented easier.
The same can be said about the use of color. The concluding paragraph may feature a summary of the body paragraphs and use general terms to show what each of them described.
For example, it may refer to the elements of art and show how they were manifested in the painting. There is one particular kind of essay that is not widely used in many subjects, but is particularly useful for some.
It is called a definition essay. A definition essay has a clear and straightforward goal. It is written to develop or reflect on a definition of a certain phenomenon. The major point here is that the content of the definition is explored, not the phenomenon itself. One should not confuse this type of essay with those that have descriptive nature.
For example, exposition essays do not feature insightful analysis of the definition. To a certain extent, definition and descriptive essays are similar as they pay a considerable amount of attention to one particular aspect of a phenomenon, even though their application is dramatically different. The former focuses on the abstract nature, that is the definition of the phenomenon, while the latter deals with characteristics.
It is worth mentioning that definition essays are common for sciences that put a significant emphasis on abstract matters as the slightest difference in word choice can change the perception of the phenomenon.
If one wants to learn how to write a definition essay, one may follow the guidelines that will be discussed in this section. First of all, it is essential to find a good definition. One of the best sources include dictionaries as well as peer-reviewed articles. One should note that sometimes the author may be interested in developing their own definition of the phenomenon.
In this case, the working definition will become the thesis of the paper. One would make no mistake arguing that every definition has certain keywords that it relies on. It would be logical to assume that these keywords will become the points which will be discussed in the body paragraphs. Clearly, a definition may have more than or less than three keywords that it will rely on.
It is generally advisable that the number of characteristics that will be discussed is limited to this number. Furthermore, it is advised that each body paragraph feature several examples that would support the major claim. In this case, the audience will see that the author does not adjust the fact to the theory, but vice versa.
The concluding paragraph will feature the full definition that was developed by the author or a reflection on the existing definition. Let us consider the following example in order to gain a proper understanding of the issue. Suppose a person was given the task to write on the definition of free trade. It is quite obvious that one can open a dictionary and look up the definition of it however, a good definition essay would try to come up with a unique definition based on the characteristic features of the phenomenon.
So, the introduction should feature some considerations about the role that free trade plays in the contemporary world and how important it is to develop a proper understanding of it. In here you will see description of each stage of writing. We strongly recommend not to miss any of the stages and pay equal attention to all of them.
This will help to avoid many errors and make your essay writing process faultless and efficient. This section is subdivided into four categories according to the general classes of science. Each of them has its own peculiarities and requires certain logical organization, which is described in the corresponding articles. This section is designed to help all those suffering from this task and provides short but effective guidelines on how to avoid mistakes in citation and formatting and make your work easy-to-comprehend.
Each academic level has its requirements as for style, grammar, vocabulary as well as analytical skills. In here you can find tips that will help you improve your writing skills and make your essay stand out from all the others due to its high style, faultless grammar and diverse vocabulary.
All the people experience certain problems while writing papers and articles, but only professionals know how to overcome difficulties and make the best of their time and abilities. In this section you will find 20 topics for each class of sciences that will give you a possibility to practice in essay writing and achieve the best results in this field.
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