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Transition Words & Phrases - Make Your Writing Smooth

Transition Words that Compare and Contrast

❶In the first paragraph of an essay, you will generally give examples first and then put the thesis sentence at the end of the paragraph.

Transition Words – Why to Use?

Using Transition Words at the First Sentence of a Paragraph
Vocabulary and spelling series
Transitional Words

Transition words or phrases can connect two consecutive ideas that are related or even unrelated. Those words can also help readers to progress smoothly between the topics that the author has written. In addition, it can emphasize or show the relationship between the ideas in paragraphs or even in sentences. On the other hand, using it at the start of the first sentence of a paragraph is a good way to introduce your next topic.

And they can effectively guide the readers and prevent them to get lost in the middle of your paper. Also, using transition words to start a paragraph can bind all the supporting ideas together and help the reader understand further the main idea that you presented in your thesis statement. On the other hand, you should remember that many transition words and phrases exist in the English language alone. If the third paragraph is at the end of a paper, you can use:.

If the third paragraph is in the middle and is where you are presenting a contrasting idea or refuting objections, you can use:. In general, the most important way to choose a sentence starter for any paragraph is to look at how the information in that paragraph relates to the information in the paragraph before.

Use a transition which shows the relationship. There are several ways to answer this question, and so, I will try to cover all of the information possible on this topic. Sentence starters are excellent words to use as the first word in a paragraph because they will help you link the ideas of each paragraph together. For example, if the essay is about reasons that Indian food is so tasty, these possible first sentences of the body could be done:. Ultimately, the taste of Indian food comes from the variety of ingredients and the creativity of cooks There are many correct ways to start a paragraph, but in standard English, it is typical to begin each paragraph except for the first paragraph in an essay with the topic sentence.

A topic sentence tells the main idea of the paragraph. The rest of the paragraph will explain the topic sentence and give examples and reasons to back up that assertion. In the first paragraph of an essay, you will generally give examples first and then put the thesis sentence at the end of the paragraph. The thesis sentence is the main idea of the whole essay. Finally, in case the question is actually about the formatting of the paragraph, it is important to know that each paragraph in English is indented, and starts with a capital letter as do all first words in an English sentence.

The simple answer is yes. You can start a sentence with "and" and be correct. However, it can make your writing more effective if you try to avoid "and' and use one of the other adding conjunctions listed in my article. Consider the following example which uses two coordinating conjunctions "and" and "but" to start sentences:. Anna went skiing yesterday on the steep run at Whistler that I warned her not to try.

And she made it down the hill just fine. But then she slipped on some ice at the bottom of the run and twisted her ankle so badly she can't ski today.

Anna went skiing today on the steep run at Whistler that I warned her not to try. Moreover, she made it down the hill just fine; however, when she got to the bottom, she slipped on some ice and twisted her ankle so badly she can't ski today.

Coordinating conjunctions also include "yet," "or," and "nor" and are often remembered by the term FANBOYS for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. It is not improper or wrong to use coordinating conjunctions to start a sentence, but it may not be the most effective technique and is often overused by less experienced writers. Additionally, since many people have been taught, it is incorrect, others may judge your use of "and" to start a sentence with poor writing and incorrect grammar.

Therefore, I tend to tell my students not to use a coordinating conjunction to start sentences if they can avoid it. It is better not to say "first," but to just say your point and then on the next section, you can say "second" or "additionally" or "moreover.

You could use the word, "Initially" or the phrase, "to start with. How can I write a biography about a significant role model, and then change it into a story? My assignment is using the information of a biography that I've already researched and written about.

Put yourself into the story and imagine that you are going back in time to meet the character. Think about the "Magic Treehouse" series of kid's books or H. Well's The Time Machine.

Take one important scene or situation that you've researched. Write it like a story with characters, dialogue, and action. Make up parts that you don't know, like what people look like, things that happen on a moment by moment basis, what people think or feel and how they might react to the events. For example, what did people think, do, and feel when they heard Paul Revere come by shouting "The Redcoats are coming! Write this as a letter, a diary, a conversation or a monologue.

Have your character telling the story of some important event to a friend. For help in writing and punctuating dialogue and conversation, see: Generally, when you are using "this" to start a sentence, you are using it as an adjective describing which thing you are talking about this cellphone, this plate, this car etc.

Additionally, "this whatever" would generally be the subject of the sentence, so you can use most of the sentence starters in this article in front of it or use a phrase that starts with one of those words to vary your sentences. You can also use a synonym for the item in question. For example, "this jacket" could also be "this coat. Here are some examples using the phase "this book. It is completely correct to start a sentence with "an important person to me.

If the word starts with a vowel sound, you use "an. Sometimes there are differences in British and American pronunciation. Americans pronounce the "h" in historic, so they would write "a historic event. Good question because pronouns are already a substitute for the person's name. So you can use the name or a description of the person, such as their job "the teacher" or what they look like, "the tall, dark-headed man with blue eyes," or what they are wearing, "the girl in the blue dress.

That is where you can use my sentence starters in this article and hints about how to write sentences to improve: My article is about the benefits and the drawbacks of learning a foreign language.

How should I finish the third paragraph of my article? I assume that you are talking about the conclusion of your article. A great way to conclude is to tell the reader your recommendations. You can also refute any objections that you expect your reader might have.

Remember that when you are in a conversation with someone, they can ask you questions and point out flaws they see in your arguments, or other points of view. When you write, your reader has those thoughts in their head, and those alternative points of view can make them disagree with you and feel that your paper doesn't really seem very convincing.

A way to get around that problem is to bring up those objections and then answer them. Ideally, you should answer the objections and then conclude by telling the reader how you want them to think, believe, or respond to what you are saying. Here is how to do that:. Some people might think put objection here, something like: However, in my experience, answer the objection Another reason people may not want to learn a foreign language is If you can't think of any objections, then ask other people for help.

Have them read your paper, or just tell them your ideas and ask them what sorts of arguments they think people might have against what you are saying. If you don't have anyone nearby that you can ask, send your paper to your parents, or a friend that you know would help you out.

You might also consider asking a friend in your class to read and respond. I don't think that phrase would make an effective ending of a sentence unless you were using it in a conversation. Can I start a phrase in my essay using the word since? I am not allowed to start by writing "as.

Using one of the connecting transition words is a good way to link one sentence with another. You can also use "since. Here is an example:. I added blueberries to the top of the salad we are having for dinner. Since Danielle doesn't like blueberries, I made a small salad without them for her. In this example, you could replace "since" with "because" for basically the same causal relationship. However, you could also use one of the other three words if you wanted to emphasize "I also did this other thing.

Can I start a sentence using the word "My"? My hoarding of unnecessary things is getting out of hand. My answer has to be yes! As long as you use "my" as the possessive of something it works. In my example "my answer" uses "my" with a noun and describes whose answer it is. In your example, the "my" is used with a phrase describing an action "hoarding of unnecessary things" which is the subject of the sentence.

A good way to start an essay is to decide on your topic question and then answer it. That will make a thesis or main idea for your essay. You can read more about it in this article: Generally, you do not want to use "this" without a noun. You should say "this sweater," "this idea" or "this surprising circumstance. If you are writing in the first person, you really can't get away from using "I" but you can put these sentence starters in front of the "I" so that it doesn't jump out at the reader.

As a matter of fact, I usually introduce sentence starters to my class when we are doing a personal essay. I have them notice how many times they start a sentence in the personal essay with "I" and then I have them circle all of those "I" sentences. Next, I have them scan the list of words and put one or more in front of the "I" sentences.

Another trick is to take a sentence and invert it so that the "I" is not the first word. I wanted to explain how to use sentence starters and so I used many "I" sentences in this answer. Because I wanted to explain how sentence starters work, I used many "I sentences in this answer. Go back and see what I did to "eliminate" the "I"! When you are tempted to use "so" to start a sentence, you are generally trying to convey a conclusion or a result. Here are some good transition words and phrases for that:.

Look at the list of connecting words for substitutes for "and" at the beginning of a sentence. Inside a sentence, there usually doesn't need to be a substitute for "and" if you are connecting two or more ideas. You can't really overuse "and.

Therefore, you need to use these sentence starters to help you out and also look at my article on 5 Easy Ways to Write Better Sentences. Don't always start the sentence with the subject. Use an introductory phrase instead. For explanations of these three techniques ane more ideas, you can see my article: Five Tips to Write Better Sentences: Whether you would receive points off for using a conjunction is entirely dependent on the instructor's grading system. Technically, conjunctions are intended to join two sentences together; therefore, using a conjunction to begin a sentence is not grammatically correct.

However, we use this format all the time in speaking and you will often see it in all kinds of writing as well. Personally, I avoid using a conjunction to start a sentence in my formal writing, although I might use it in an informal email or letter for emphasis and to make my tone sound more friendly and casual. I discourage my students from using this sentence form in essays because they tend to overuse it, and because most of them need to practice writing in a more professional manner.

What is most important is that you understand that using a conjunction to start a sentence gives your writing a more informal, casual tone. If that is appropriate to convey your meaning, then you should use it. On the other hand, if you are trying to create a document which makes you sound authoritative, you should avoid that construction. The simple answer to your question is that you need to ask your teacher about their standards on this issue.

The most important rule about the word "this" is not to use it all by itself. For example, you would say "this couch," "this carpet" or "this lawn" to point out which one of several possible couches, carpets or lawns you are talking about. If you are not trying to show the reader which one out of several things you are talking about, you need to use something other than "this.

You can find many sample topics on these types of essays on my web pages. You can also find step by step instructions on how to write these essays. Your best choice for substitutes for "most of" would be "many," "a considerable number," or "almost all. I believe that what you are talking about is continuing on something in a sentence. Here are some words you can use:. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

Hi Nicole--I have lots of instructions on how to write articles. Google that and you'll find it. My son has to write a word essay on violence and the Impact. And yes I've never in my life wrote an essay. So not sure on how to even start nor word it?

Can someone please clue me in thanks. I think your sentence would work but it is a bit hard to tell out of context of the paragraph. However, I think it would be better if you said:. Hi Fuat, I now understand your question more clearly. With the added information you give here, I would have to say that "especially" is not a good substitute for "in particular. Especially, I like swimming. And yet in your samples "especially" refers to "in the summer" and "when it is a warm day" respectively, whereas in my example it referred to "swimming".

So, again, can it be used in place of "in particular" - as in "I have a number of hobbies. To make this a good sentence you need something between "especially" and the subject "I. Thanks a lot, Virginia. So, would a sentence like "Especially I like swimming" be correct? Hello Fuat, these are words that are intended to help you start your sentences with something other than just the subject.

Some of these words work alone and others need to be put into a phrase. Especially when my daughter is taking a nap, I enjoy a quiet cup of tea and a good novel. Thanks for this undoubtedly useful article. I'd like to clarify something: Does it mean that the above mentioned words can be used at the beginning of a sentence? Can I start a sentence with "especially"? Thank you in advance. Thanks i cant wait to print this out and carry it with me for my English class. And take it out when i can.

Hi jlc--I'm glad to hear that you work hard at your revision. I'm not sure about the "Same for" as a start. Could you give me the full sentence? I can't think of a sentence that is correct which uses that beginning; however, sometimes in conversation and dialogue, it is appropriate to write what people are speaking, even if it is not correct grammar.

This is really useful. Things I should have learned in school but have not really done so. Thanks for a great hub. Hello Madam, this is the best article about English I found on the net. Thank you very much for sharing it. Hi, thanks for this article. I was writing an undergrad engineering report and this helped me a lot. Thanks for your time and effort and God bless you. We can only use notes from Professors lectures; you are immensely helping me. I used to assign a reflection journal in my class.

What I had my students do was to either just reflect on something that happened that week, or to talk about something they had read or seen in the media, or to reflect on a question. You probably need to check out my articles on reflection and personal experience essays.

You can find my other articles by searching this website, by looking at my profile page or looking at the links to the side of this article. Hi Tammy--I'm so very glad this helped you. Thanks for letting me know!

You made my day. I just started college at age The instructor said write a summary and impact response paper on pages 9 to I immediately panicked, after reading your article I'm feeling much more confident in doing my first college assignment. Thank you so much!!!! Hi Cambry--Thanks so much for letting me know this helped you. I've had almost a million views from this one idea now. It is very gratifying to know I have helped people learn to write better.

Thank you so much! Hi Harni--I have lots of help for writing essays of all sorts. They can be used either alone or as part of adverbial expressions. Many transition words in the time category consequently; first, second, third; further; hence; henceforth; since; then, when; and whenever have other uses.

Except for the numbers first, second, third and further they add a meaning of time in expressing conditions, qualifications, or reasons. The numbers are also used to add information or list examples. Further is also used to indicate added space as well as added time. These transition words are often used as part of adverbial expressions and have the function to restrict, limit or qualify space. Quite a few of these are also found in the Time category and can be used to describe spatial order or spatial reference.

Transition Words are also sometimes called or put in the category of Connecting Words. Please feel free to download them via this link to the category page: It contains all the transition words listed on this site. The image to the left gives you an impression how it looks like.

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Example 2: However, transition words can also be placed at the beginning of a new paragraph or sentence - not only to indicate a step forward in the reasoning, but also to relate the new material to the preceding thoughts.

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transitions are phrases or words used to connect one idea to the next transitions are used by the author to help the reader progress from one significant idea to the next transitions also show the relationship within a paragraph (or within a sentence) between the main idea and the support the author.

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Transition words and phrases help make your essay flow smoothly from paragraph to paragraph. You can use them at the ends and beginnings of paragraphs, as well as in your introduction and conclusion. Transition words and phrases can be used in every type of essay, but they are most appropriate in expository or argumentative essays in which . Using good transition words for persuasive essays is important to make your essay score best results and get a reputation with your professor!

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Learn how to use transition to improve the flow of your written work with a list of the top transition words and phrases sectioned by category. Complete List of Transition Words. Search the site GO. For Students & Parents. Writing Essays Tools & Tips Learning Styles & Skills Study Methods Time Management Writing Research Papers . Using transition words to start a paragraph is an effective way to make your paper or essay more cohesive. In case you are not familiar with transition words, here are a few things that you should know about them. This group of transitions shows introduction, addition, reference, identification, clarification, and relation of similar .