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❶The first scenario is the most common, followed by the second depending on how closely related the majors are. As always, the honors adviser in the intended area of honors is the gatekeeper about whether a given thesis topic and supervisor are acceptable.

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Engineering qualifications such as BTech, B. In all the cases, the dissertation can be extended for summer internship at certain research and development organizations or also as PhD synopsis.

In Indonesia, the term thesis is used specifically to refer to master's theses. The undergraduate thesis is called skripsi , while the doctoral dissertation is called disertasi. In general, those three terms are usually called as tugas akhir final assignment , which is mandatory for the completion of a degree. Undergraduate students usually begin to write their final assignment in their third, fourth or fifth enrollment year, depends on the requirements of their respective disciplines and universities.

In some universities, students are required to write a proposal skripsi or proposal tesis thesis proposal before they could write their final assignment.

If the thesis proposal is considered to fulfill the qualification by the academic examiners, students then may proceed to write their final assignment. In Italy there are normally three types of thesis. In order of complexity: Thesis requirements vary greatly between degrees and disciplines, ranging from as low as 3—4 ECTS credits to more than Thesis work is mandatory for the completion of a degree.

Malaysian universities often follow the British model for dissertations and degrees. However, a few universities follow the United States model for theses and dissertations.

Branch campuses of British, Australian and Middle East universities in Malaysia use the respective models of the home campuses. In Pakistan, at undergraduate level the thesis is usually called final year project, as it is completed in the senior year of the degree, the name project usually implies that the work carried out is less extensive than a thesis and bears lesser credit hours too.

The undergraduate level project is presented through an elaborate written report and a presentation to the advisor, a board of faculty members and students. At graduate level however, i. A written report and a public thesis defense is mandatory, in the presence of a board of senior researchers, consisting of members from an outside organization or a university. A PhD candidate is supposed to accomplish extensive research work to fulfill the dissertation requirements with international publications being a mandatory requirement.

The defense of the research work is done publicly. However, in Philippine English , the term doctorate is typically replaced with doctoral as in the case of "doctoral dissertation" , though in official documentation the former is still used. The Philippine system is influenced by American collegiate system, in that it requires a research project to be submitted before being allowed to write a thesis. This project is mostly given as a prerequisite writing course to the actual thesis and is accomplished in the term period before; supervision is provided by one professor assigned to a class.

This project is later to be presented in front of an academic panel, often the entire faculty of an academic department, with their recommendations contributing to the acceptance, revision, or rejection of the initial topic.

In addition, the presentation of the research project will help the candidate choose their primary thesis adviser. An undergraduate thesis is completed in the final year of the degree alongside existing seminar lecture or laboratory courses, and is often divided into two presentations: In most universities, a thesis is required for the bestowment of a degree to a candidate alongside a number of units earned throughout their academic period of stay, though for practice and skills-based degrees a practicum and a written report can be achieved instead.

The examination board often consists of 3 to 5 examiners, often professors in a university with a Masters or PhD degree depending on the university's examination rules.

Required word length, complexity, and contribution to scholarship varies widely across universities in the country. The academic dissertation for a PhD is called a dysertacja or praca doktorska. The submission for the Habilitation is called praca habilitacyjna" or dysertacja habilitacyjna". Thus the term dysertacja is reserved for PhD and Habilitation degrees. All the theses need to be "defended" by the author during a special examination for the given degree.

Examinations for PhD and Habilitation degrees are public. The defense is done in a public presentation in which teachers, students, and the general public can participate.

For the PhD, a thesis tese is presented for defense in a public exam. The exam typically extends over 3 hours. The examination board typically involves 5 to 6 scholars including the advisor or other experts with a PhD degree generally at least half of them must be external to the university where the candidate defends the thesis, but it may depend on the University. In Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Ukraine an academic dissertation or thesis is called what can be literally translated as a "master's degree work" thesis , whereas the word dissertation is reserved for doctoral theses Candidate of Sciences.

To complete a master's degree, a student is required to write a thesis and to then defend the work publicly. Length of this manuscript usually is given in page count and depends upon educational institution, its departments, faculties, and fields of study [ citation needed ]. At universities in Slovenia, an academic thesis called diploma thesis is a prerequisite for completing undergraduate studies. The thesis used to be 40—60 pages long, but has been reduced to 20—30 pages in new Bologna process programmes.

To complete Master's studies, a candidate must write magistrsko delo Master's thesis that is longer and more detailed than the undergraduate thesis. The required submission for the doctorate is called doktorska disertacija doctoral dissertation. In pre Bologna programmes students were able to skip the preparation and presentation of a Master's thesis and continue straightforward towards doctorate.

In Sweden, there are different types of theses. After that there are two types of post graduate degrees, Licentiate dissertation and PhD dissertation. A licentiate degree is approximately "half a PhD" in terms of size and scope of the thesis.

Swedish PhD studies should in theory last for four years, including course work and thesis work, but as many PhD students also teach, the PhD often takes longer to complete. Outside the academic community, the terms thesis and dissertation are interchangeable. A wide range of supervisory arrangements can be found in the British academy, from single supervisors more usual for undergraduate and Masters level work to supervisory teams of up to three supervisors.

In teams, there will often be a Director of Studies, usually someone with broader experience perhaps having passed some threshold of successful supervisions. The Director may be involved with regular supervision along with the other supervisors, or may have more of an oversight role, with the other supervisors taking on the more day-to-day responsibilities of supervision. At most universities, dissertation is the term for the required submission for the doctorate, and thesis refers only to the master's degree requirement.

Thesis is also used to describe a cumulative project for a bachelor's degree and is more common at selective colleges and universities, or for those seeking admittance to graduate school or to obtain an honors academic designation.

These projects are called "senior projects" or "senior theses"; they are generally done in the senior year near graduation after having completed other courses, the independent study period, and the internship or student teaching period the completion of most of the requirements before the writing of the paper ensures adequate knowledge and aptitude for the challenge.

Unlike a dissertation or master's thesis, they are not as long and they do not require a novel contribution to knowledge or even a very narrow focus on a set subtopic. Like them, they can be lengthy and require months of work, they require supervision by at least one professor adviser, they must be focused on a certain area of knowledge, and they must use an appreciable amount of scholarly citations.

They may or may not be defended before a committee but usually are not; there is generally no preceding examination before the writing of the paper, except for at very few colleges. Because of the nature of the graduate thesis or dissertation having to be more narrow and more novel, the result of original research, these usually have a smaller proportion of the work that is cited from other sources, though the fact that they are lengthier may mean they still have total citations.

Specific undergraduate courses, especially writing-intensive courses or courses taken by upperclassmen, may also require one or more extensive written assignments referred to variously as theses, essays, or papers. Increasingly, high schools are requiring students to complete a senior project or senior thesis on a chosen topic during the final year as a prerequisite for graduation.

The extended essay component of the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme , offered in a growing number of American high schools, is another example of this trend. Generally speaking, a dissertation is judged as to whether or not it makes an original and unique contribution to scholarship. Lesser projects a master's thesis, for example are judged by whether or not they demonstrate mastery of available scholarship in the presentation of an idea.

The required complexity or quality of research of a thesis may vary significantly among universities or programs. One of the requirements for certain advanced degrees is often an oral examination called a viva voce examination or just viva in the UK and certain other English-speaking countries.

This examination normally occurs after the dissertation is finished but before it is submitted to the university, and may comprise a presentation often public by the student and questions posed by an examining committee or jury. In North America, an initial oral examination in the field of specialization may take place just before the student settles down to work on the dissertation.

An additional oral exam may take place after the dissertation is completed and is known as a thesis or dissertation " defense ", which at some universities may be a mere formality and at others may result in the student being required to make significant revisions.

The result of the examination may be given immediately following deliberation by the examiners in which case the candidate may immediately be considered to have received his or her degree , or at a later date, in which case the examiners may prepare a defense report that is forwarded to a Board or Committee of Postgraduate Studies, which then officially recommends the candidate for the degree. At most North American institutions the latter two verdicts are extremely rare, for two reasons.

First, to obtain the status of doctoral candidates, graduate students typically write a qualifying examination or comprehensive examination, which often includes an oral defense. Students who pass the qualifying examination are deemed capable of completing scholarly work independently and are allowed to proceed with working on a dissertation.

Second, since the thesis supervisor and the other members of the advisory committee will normally have reviewed the thesis extensively before recommending the student proceed to the defense, such an outcome would be regarded as a major failure not only on the part of the candidate but also by the candidate's supervisor who should have recognized the substandard quality of the dissertation long before the defense was allowed to take place.

Suggested changes are just that, suggestions that can be accepted or politely declined. The final proofreading and formatting of your thesis can't be done in an hour or most likely even a day, so be sure to leave time in your timeline for those important tasks. A thesis really is forever, especially in the electronic age, and ideally it shouldn't be a source of embarrassment to you months and years down the line.

It's very likely that your thesis will quote from the works of others to some extent. You must acknowledge this use and provide an appropriate citation, but you do not need permission to use works in the public domain works on which a copyright never existed or on which copyright has expired.

To determine if a work is in the public domain, go to the following website , made available through Cornell University. If you use copyrighted works, refer to Section of U.

Copyright law, otherwise known as the fair use doctrine. Below is the applicable language:. The fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching including multiple copies for classroom use , scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include —. All four factors must be considered when conducting a fair use analysis. The Fair Use Checklist is an excellent tool in making a fair use determination.

Again, you must acknowledge the source of the content. If the use does not qualify as a fair use, you may not include the material without written permission of the copyright holder. For additional information, visit Penn State's Copyright Law website. When requesting letters of permission, be sure the grantor is aware that the work will be made available to the public through Penn State's Electronic Theses and Dissertation website. Any letters of permission should be submitted along with the thesis cover page.

You are solely responsible if you violate copyright law; Penn State will not be held liable. There is a very strong presumption in favor of fair use when citing scholarly work, the purpose of which is after all to be utilized in future scholarship; likewise, in scholarship about copyrighted works e.

An ideal thesis project should do many things, including: Satisfy your intellectual curiousity Give you the opportunity to work closely with faculty mentors Develop transferable skills Clarify your post-graduation plans Quality In the end the single biggest factor in determining thesis quality is your level of interest in and engagement with the topic, so it's worth the time and trouble to consider multiple possibilities rather than going with the first one that seems attractive to you.

Purpose At this point it's useful to review the purpose of the thesis, from the SHC's perspective. Research-Oriented Majors You should avoid the temptation to stick with your first lab placement merely out of convenience if the topic is not interesting to you. A Thesis Needs A Thesis. From Interest to Thesis One of the major problems Scholars encounter is how to translate an interest in a topic into a thesis.

Honors Thesis A term paper can be spectacularly ambitious, lengthy, and well-done but its only goal is to demonstrate that the student has mastered the material.

The feasibility of a given thesis problem is bounded, as mathematicians might say, by several factors including: Time Unlike a doctoral dissertation, which is ready when it's ready even if that turns out to be a year or more past the original expectation, the honors thesis shouldn't extend your time at Penn State by design. Resources Resources are a potential issue in that even a comprehensive and well-funded university like Penn State doesn't have the physical infrastructure for every possible kind of research.

Abilities The constraint that's least discussed but is probably most important, of course, is your abilities. Realistic Ambition Ambitious yet reasonable expectations for the thesis, in terms of what you will learn and how the final product will contribute to knowledge, are not uniform across all fields. Proposal, Supervisor and Area of Honors. Thesis Proposal When is the thesis proposal due?

The thesis proposal needs only two things: Topic What the thesis will be about Supervision Who will be supervising you The SHC staff doesn't review the content of the proposal, so the intended audience is your would-be thesis supervisor and the honors adviser in your intended area of honors. Thesis Supervisor Your thesis supervisor is the professor who has primary responsibility for — wait for it — supervising your thesis.

Don't put too much stock in second-hand information about a professor, but if after meeting him or her you have concerns then you should certainly consider continuing your search. While a good thesis can come of a strained supervisor-student relationship, it's not likely. Area of Honors Major as Area of Honors The standard scenario is that a Scholar has one major and writes the thesis under the supervision of a thesis supervisor in that major.

Area-Specific Requirements The honors adviser is the gatekeeper for any area-specific policies or requirements beyond the thesis itself. Honors Adviser An honors adviser from the area in which you are pursuing honors must read and approve your thesis. Multiple Majors If you have more than one major, you can do one of the following: Pick one major and write a thesis for honors solely in that major Pick a topic that can legitimately earn honors in both majors Write multiple theses, one for honors in each major The first scenario is the most common, followed by the second depending on how closely related the majors are.

Topic, Not Professor Typically, the area of honors suggested by the topic aligns with the professor's affiliation, as when you seek honors in history based on a history thesis supervised by a professor of history. From Proposal to Thesis. Regular Meetings with Your Thesis Supervisor You should take proactive steps against procrastination by making yourself accountable to someone other than yourself.

Plan Ahead Think ahead, preferably well before the time of your thesis proposal, about what your thesis work will mean for your senior year schedule.

Workflow These distinctions among types of writing are important because they dictate different timelines for the transition from research to writing, and whether a clean transition even makes sense. Tricks of the Trade Regardless of the field, writing comes more easily to some people than to others, and for different reasons. Here is some advice for both groups: Becker Writing for the Social Sciences: University of Chicago Press, p.

Writing in Non-Chapter Order Sometimes early chapters are easier to write once you have the bulk of the thesis committed to paper—and that's almost always the case for the Introduction, which presents a completed work and can't be written earlier except as an exercise to help you imagine the completed work. Keep Moving and Assume Rewrites Especially in those "formative writing" fields, the solution to writer's block is to write something even if you have no confidence it will be there in that form at the end.

Insist on Feedback While some thesis supervisors will be eager to provide feedback as soon as you start producing writing, others may be inclined to wait until you've written the bulk of your thesis.

What is a Thesis? The California Code of Regulations: Title 5 Education, Section defines a thesis as: What is a Project? Title 5 Education, Section defines a project as: Projects can be done alone or in collaboration with other students. What is a Dissertation? Title 5 Education, Section states:

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This guideline is prepared for Master's students who may chose a thesis or project option for their Master's degree of study in Health Education and Promotion. A majority of the content of this guideline are directly copied from the Guidelines for Theses and Dissertations. This guideline only highlights what appears to be the most important items and add hyperlinks to the.

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An ideal thesis project should do many things, including: Satisfy your intellectual curiousity; Give you the opportunity to work closely with faculty mentors. General Information. Changes to Thesis/Project/Dissertation Submission. Starting in Spring , graduate theses, projects, and dissertations will be produced only in.

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Thesis/Creative Project defenses are open to the ASU community. Attending a defense is an excellent opportunity to celebrate the accomplishments of fellow Barrett students and to observe the defense process firsthand. Thesis is a theoretical and experimental study of one of the current problems in the specialty and can be performed by students and cadets of all specialties. It is designed as a textual part with the application of graphs, tables, drawings, maps, charts.. The project is the solution to a specific engineering problem in the specialty. It is carried out by students and cadets of engineering.