Collaboratively, this era represented a time of improvement in American society by working toward achieving the long-term goal of equality and promising growth.
Although women had been fighting for their rights for nearly half a century by this era, a rise in the efforts from larger more powerful groups presented itself once again before the government granting women the right to vote. It also brought on many changes for society. Pearson, , ! Despite efforts from social reformers such as Upton Sinclair, author of The Jungle, few advances were made on improving living and working conditions for citizens instead, his efforts affected the economic reforms of the era.
Although his publication aimed to obtain these luxuries we experience in the modern workplace, what he got in return fell short of his expectations. This huge wave of migration being main cause of growth coupled with disastrous working conditions presented a worse scenario. The new comers strived to adapt to entirely new conditions at one hand while trying hard to maintain their distinctive culture and language system on the other creating a complex situation.
Wealth concentrated in few hands and a large segment of people were caught in the vicious circle of poverty. Low wage-rates, dangerous working conditions, and long working hours were among several grave problems faced by most of the Americans.
Swift technological advancements and rapid speed of industrialization altered the life styles of Americans. In this context, progressive leaders advocated and strived to introduce reforms for solving the grave issues. Progressivism movement was wide in nature with varying goals. It introduced urban reforms and had offensive attitude towards dishonest leaders and corrupt political system. Leaders of progressive movement favored taking ownership of public utilities by government supporting different social welfare programs to resolve mainly the problems of immigrants, working class, and poor.
At the state level, Progressive movement introduced specific democratic reforms. The purpose of democratic reforms was to allow American citizens to select leaders as per their choice, independently and freely. Basically, the roots of Progressivism had been in the transitional era of United States from a nation comprising farmers to a nation of consumers and employees manipulated by large firms, exploiting and misusing resources, supported by the corrupt government.
Progressive movement started with the intentions to rectify these problems. Moreover, it focused on providing solutions to the issues raised by urbanization and industrialization, as discussed above. Progressive leaders felt that their democratic reforms were threatened by the corrupt governmental policies and dishonest leaders.
Progressivism confronted ending corporate power and to abolish monopolies. Democracy, they believed, was the solution of problems faced by most of the Americans, especially lower class. They tried to protect working people and aimed to break the vicious circle of poverty by eliminating the gap between different social classes. It is pertinent to mention that Progressive movement was wide in a sense that it included both Democrats and Republicans.
The movement heavily impacted the political structure at local, state, and national levels. It had significant influence on cultural and social life of America. It was, in fact, a dynamic movement introducing reforms at varied platforms including democratic, social, and political fronts.
The agenda also had variety and diversification. It comprises social as well as political agenda. However, the main aims were elimination of corruption, protecting common people especially lower- class, elimination the continuous gap between different social classes, and promoting scientific as well as technological developments ensuring welfare of people.
In December , Congress ratified the Eighteenth Amendment that banned the produce of alcohol, its sale and transportation worldwide. The National Child Labor Committee organized a campaign aimed at stopping the children exploitation. The photographs taken by Lewis Hine were the most efficient weapon in this movement. They showed young girls and boys working with the unsafe instruments in plants and mines.
In , most states established the minimum working age between 12 and 16 and the maximum length of a workday. Besides, progressives aimed to limit the workday of women as the long hours in the factories affected their health.
The Supreme Court agreed with that and limited the working day of the women laundry workers to no more than 10 hours a day. In , there was a terrible accident in New York. More than people died in the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire. In result, the New York State legislature established a hour workweek for women and developed safety rules at factories.
Although the limiting of women workday showed that they were weaker than men, women finally received the right to vote. The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution that gave that right was confirmed by all states in
Essay on The Progressive Era ( - ) Essay on Progressivism Thesis statement: it is hypothesized that Progressivism was a wide and varied movement that changed American values and lifestyles having everlasting impact on American history.
Reform During the Progressive Era - Through the years reformers tried to fix social issues and government corruption. Some progressive era reforms in were ineffective. However, fighting against unfair treatment, trust busting, and changes in government led to .
Oct 08, · ESSAY #1 Based on your reading of The American Promise and James Marten, Childhood and Child Welfare in the Progressive Era, answer the following essay prompt. Your essay should be a minimum of words and a maximum of words. Progressive Era Essay Progressive Era: Political and Social Reforms Many economic and social changes transformed the American society in the 20th century, including innovations in technology, science, living standards, mass communication, entertainment, gender roles and the role of the government.
Progressive Era essays The progressive era was the response of different groups to the problems that were caused by the rapid industrialization and urbanization that came after the Civil War. Some of these problems included the spread of poverty, the exploitation of labor, the breakdown of democrat. Numerous positive changes occurred during this time through the efforts of progressive reformers, however, the most important social, economic, and political reforms were as followed: finalizing the right’s of women to vote, improvement in products, and the governments new way of regulating growing businesses and outlooks on government.