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How to Write a Comparison & Contrast Essay

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❶Body paragraph 2 will follow the same structure, with a discussion of Topic 1 and Topic 2 in relation to Aspect 2, for example:

Comparison Essay Structure

How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: A Point-By-Point Organization
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Choosing a Topic for Comparison Essay

Use your brainstorming ideas to fill in your outline. Look at the lists and diagrams you generated to help you find the evidence for your comparisons and contrasts. If you are having trouble finding evidence to support your argument, go back to your original texts and try the brainstorming process again.

It could be that your argument is evolving past where it started, which is good! You just need to go back and look for further evidence. For example, in a body paragraph about the quality of ingredients in frozen vs.

It can also let you express your imagination. Pineapple and peanut butter pizza? Using your own ingredients lets you have fun with your food. Come up with a title. Depending on your audience and the situation, you may make a joke or a pun, ask a question, or provide a summary of your main point. One of the most common mistakes student writers make is to not give themselves enough time to take a step back from their essays for a day or two. Start early so that you can let your finished draft sit for a day, or at least a few hours.

Then, come back to it with fresh eyes. Reading your essay aloud can also help you find problem spots. Look out for any grammatical errors, confusing phrasing, and repetitive ideas.

Look for a balance in your paper: Here are some things to consider before you turn in your paper: Don't use overly negative or defamatory language to show why a subject is unfavorable; use solid evidence to prove your points instead.

Avoid first-person pronouns unless told otherwise. Spelling and punctuation errors happen to everyone, but not catching them can make you seem lazy.

Write a body paragraph for a point-by-point compare and contrast essay. Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses point-by-point comparison: At the beach, one can enjoy the water by swimming, surfing, or even building a sandcastle with a moat that will fill with water. When one is in the woods, one may be able to go fishing or swimming in a nearby lake, or one may not be near water at all.

At the beach, one can keep one's kids entertained by burying them in sand or kicking around a soccer ball; if one is in the woods, one can entertain one's kids by showing them different plans or animals. Both the beach and the woods offer a variety of activities for adults and kids alike. Write a body paragraph for a subject-by-subject compare and contrast essay.

Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses subject-by-subject comparison: If a person goes to the beach during the right day or time of year, he or she can enjoy warm, yet refreshing water, a cool breeze, and a relatively hot climate.

At the beach, one can go swimming, sunbathe, or build sandcastles. There are also great facilities at the beach, such as a changing room, umbrellas, and conveniently-located restaurants and changing facilities. The climate, activities, and facilities are important points to consider when deciding between the beach and the woods. Start out by naming both of the things you are comparing.

For example, with apples and oranges, start out by saying, "Apples and oranges have many differences. Not Helpful 10 Helpful To conclude an essay, you might summarize your argument. Then you'll want to show your reader why your paper is significant and finally, leave them with something new to think about. Not Helpful 22 Helpful Start with a hook to draw your reader into the essay. Introduce your topic with a few sentences that explain what you'll be writing about and end with a sentence that helps you transition into the first body paragraph.

Not Helpful 4 Helpful Some connectors could start with, "Although," "Even though," "While these are the differences Not Helpful 0 Helpful 4. You can read books, as books increase your comprehension skills and your vocabulary.

You can also try to engage in conversations with your teachers and peers to increase your vocabulary and discussion skills. Not Helpful 3 Helpful You may quote the text itself. Ask your teacher how she prefers you annotate it. Not Helpful 18 Helpful You can say this, "My brother has many traits. He is kind, caring, etc. When comparing poems, you should look into things particular to poems: Compare and contrast all of these and see if any interesting similarities or differences pop up.

If it is relevant to your arguments, you could also give some context regarding to the writers of the poems. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 3. It depends on the assignment and the specifications that your teacher gave you.

Not Helpful 3 Helpful 5. How do I compare and contrast two short stories or two novels? Answer this question Flag as How do I choose a topic for my compare and contrast essay? Can you give some examples for a comparison and contrast essay? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.

Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Quick Summary To write a compare and contrast essay, start by choosing 2 subjects to compare, like a film and the book it's based on or 2 different animals. Did this summary help you? Tips Collect your sources. Mark page numbers in books, authors, titles, dates, or other applicable information. This will help you cite your sources later on in the writing process.

Don't rush through your writing. If you have a deadline, start early. If you rush, the writing won't not be as good as it could be. While Wikipedia may be an easy way to start off, try to go to more specific websites afterwards. Many schools refuse to accept Wikipedia as a valid source of information, and prefer sources with more expertise and credibility.

Warnings If you have external sources, make sure you always cite them. Otherwise, you may be guilty of plagiarism. Article Info Featured Article Categories: Featured Articles Comparative Essays In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 2,, times.

Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. AM Aida Mirzaie Aug AV Alain Vilfort Mar 2, I'm glad that I visited this site! Keep up the good work! MM Michaela Mislerov Apr 2, I hate writing essays, but I believe this helped me a lot. SG Subhashini Gunasekaran Jul 31, I've been breaking my head for days, wish I had taken a look sooner. It helps explain how to set it up, get your information ready and organization.

TC Taylor Catskill Feb 22, The details helped to elaborate more on what you are trying to tell us. PC Pattie Capers Mar 13, This is a new thing for me to be writing essay. I found this site helpful and it is very easy to follow. MM Maria Moynihan Apr 14, I immediately started working in my essay after reading it, feeling more confident and energetic. To compare and contrast effectively, your essay should make new connections or distinctions between two subjects.

For example, cats and dogs are both animals, but they are different from each other in many ways. The pro-life view on abortion, and the pro-choice view on abortion could both fit under the category of a human rights issue, but they are two very distinct views or positions. Make a list of similarities and differences.

Take out a piece of paper or start a new document on a word processor. Create two columns for each subject for the similarities and and two columns for each subject for the differences between each subject.

Two separate lists for the similarities between cats and dogs, and the differences between cats and dogs. But cats have different temperaments than dogs, and cats are known to be indoor pets, while dogs tend to need to be walked and played with outside on a constant basis. Think about at least one or two meaningful differences and similarities between the two subjects. For example, a compare and contrast between abortion rights could lead to meaningful notes like: The pro-life stance views fetuses are full formed humans and are often based in religious beliefs, while the pro-choice stance views fetuses as undeveloped eggs and are often based in scientific beliefs.

To focus your list, choose categories or possible supporting points for your paper to classify the similarities and differences between the two subjects. For example, for the abortion rights topic, you may choose categories like: You can then separate each item on the list into these categories.

Create a Venn diagram of your topic. Take out a piece of paper and draw two large overlapping circles, one for each subject or item. In the center area where the two circles overlap, list the traits the two items have in common. Assign each of the areas that do not overlap.

In these areas, you can list the traits that make the subjects different. Be specific when listing words or phrases for each subject or each perspective on the same subject. Then, match at least three opposites from one circle to the other circle. Review the list and look for three different categories that describe these traits.

One possible category could then be the debate of the life of a fetus. Try to answer the questions journalists traditionally ask: Apply these basic questions to your topic to get a sense of each topic or perspective. When did they occur the dates and the duration? What happened or changed during each event?

Why are they significant? Who were the important people involved? How did the events occur, and what consequences did they have later in history? What were they about? How did they originate? What is the central focus, claim, or goal of each theory?

What kind of evidence is used to support each theory? What does each piece of art describe or depict? What is their tone or mood? What themes do they address? When were they created? How do the creators of the artworks describe their own work? Why do you think the artworks were created as they were? Where is each person from? How old are they? What, if anything, are they known for? How do they identify themselves in terms of gender, race, class, etc?

Do the two people have any relationship to each other? What does each person do? Why is each person interesting? What are the defining features of each person?

Note any gaps in your knowledge or research. Your instructor may require you to do in depth research on a complex topic, like abortion rights, or you may be writing from a purely opinion based perspective, such as why you love cats more than dogs. Identify any gaps in your knowledge and prepare to do research so you can better compare and contrast the two topics in your essay. Compose your thesis statement. The thesis of your compare and contrast essay will help you create a focused argument and act as a road map for you, and for your reader.

Go for specific and detailed, over vague and general. Why should anyone care about the positives and the negatives of owning a cat or a dog?

Your thesis statement is much stronger if you address these questions, and a stronger thesis can lead to a stronger essay. The revised thesis may look like: Organize your paper by the block method. In the block method, each paragraph in the essay addresses one topic only from the pair of topics and looks at the shared traits or aspects you came up with during your brainstorm.

The organization for this method is as follows: Introduce the general topic, then introduce the two specific topics. End with your thesis, which addresses what is going to be covered in the essay. Begins with the topic sentence for topic 1. Lifestyle, with at least two details. For example, how cats do not have to watched during the day, and are easier to get care if the owner travels or is often not home. Leads into Aspect 2: Cost, with at least two details.

Leads into Aspect 3: Living accommodations, with at least two details. For example, how cats do not take up a lot of space and they are less intrusive as they do not require daily walks or constant play. End the paragraph with a transition sentence.

Body paragraph 2 will follow the same structure, with three Aspects and two supporting details for each aspect. Body paragraph 3 can follow the same structure as Body paragraph 2 and 3. Or it can be a paragraph that develops the comparison made in the previous two paragraphs.

You can use scientific data, crowd sourced feedback, or a personal experience. For example, you may have been in a position where you had to compare and contrast adopting a dog or a cat and made your decision based on your lifestyle, finances, and living situation.

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One of the most common is the comparison/contrast essay, in which you focus on the ways in which certain things or ideas—usually two of them—are similar to (this is the comparison) and/or different from (this is the contrast) one another.

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A comparison and contrast essay dissects two related ideas. Like any essay, this paper needs a clear thesis, but the body focuses on specific traits that are similar or comparable, and different or contrasting, between the two ideas.

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A compare and contrast essay outline example such as comparing and contrasting two dogs, Molly and Morgan may sound something similar to this: “ Do opposite poles attract? Well, the principle of attraction states that they do. A comparison essay (or a Compare and Contrast essay) is a commonly used type of writing assignment in various classes of high school and college, from art to science. In a comparison essay you should critically analyze any two subjects, finding and pointing out their similarities and/or differences.

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In a compare-and contrast, you also need to make links between A and B in the body of your essay if you want your paper to hold together. To make these links, use transitional expressions of comparison and contrast (similarly, moreover, likewise, on the contrary, conversely, on the other hand) and contrastive vocabulary (in the example below. To write a compare/contrast essay, you’ll need to make NEW connections and/or express NEW differences between two things. The key word here is NEW! Choose 2 things that could go in the same category, but are also quite different.