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How to Reference Books and Articles in Text

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Properly citing a book can be one of the most frustrating parts of writing an essay, term paper or research paper. Whenever you use a quote, you must properly cite it within the paper and list the source in the bibliography at the end of the paper. There are two ways to cite a quote from a book within an MLA-style essay, term paper or research paper: Use quotation marks around the quote.

Add the page number where the quote was found inside parentheses. After the page number in parenthesis, punctuate the sentence with a period. Cite a book not using a signal sentence for a quote that is four lines or fewer.

If you are not naming the author in a signal sentence, you must use his name at the end of the quote. After the page number in parentheses, punctuate the sentence with a period. Do not use quotation marks around the quote. Hit "Enter" on your keyboard and begin the quote on a new line. Punctuate the quote before the page number. Indent the quotation 1 inch or 10 spaces. Cite a book not using a signal sentence for a quote that is more than four lines.

Write a bibliography or works-cited page. On a new page following the end of your paper, center the text and title the page "Works Cited. Right-click or select "Paragraph" through the tool bar. Theses and dissertatons should be cited as follows: A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska. Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage. WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review.

When necessary, report the complete URL in the text including the site author's name: Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources: Internet sources should be included in your Literature Cited section. For information on evaluating internet sources, look at: For unusual reference citations such a government documents, technical reports, etc, refer to Huth et al for a complete listing of citation formats. A copy of this reference should be available in the Ladd Library and a copy is available in the Biology Department.

Suppose some of the information cited above was not gained from the Gumwad and Bugjuice publications, but rather in a personal conversation with or letter from an expert on the subject, Dr.

When you have talked with, or written to someone, and gained some information or data that are not published, you should give credit to that person in the following way: In the Literature Cited you must provide complete citations for each of the published sources cited in your paper. The format for entries in the Literature Cited section differs for books and for journal papers because different kinds of information must be provided.

The formats provided here are typical, but may vary in different publications depending on their particular needs and practices. Some basic rules applicable to all formats indexed by author name s: The role of estrogen in mouse xxxx courtship behavior changes as mice age.

J Physiol 62 6: Mouse xxxx Mus musculus as a dietary alternative for humans. J Nutrition 33 6: Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship behavior. J Physiol 40 2: Physiological effects of estrogen analogs: Insincere courtship xxxx behavior in female mice. J Physiol 40 8: Each model is shown as the full citation plus the in-text citation format.

Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship Bugjuice OR Bugjuice The role of whisker length in mouse J Physiol 61 3: The role of estrogen in J Physiol 2 6: Author s Unknown or Not Named. If the authorship of a paper or other document is not provided, cite the author using the word "Anonymous" in the place of the authors name s. A Survival Guide for College Students Anonymous OR Anonymous Behavior patterns of mice. Scientific format and style: The CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers.

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How to Reference Books and Articles in Text Before computers, we used typewriters to underline book titles, and we placed quotation marks around article titles. However, many current style manuals recommend italicizing book titles and magazine names (impossible to do on a typewriter) and using quotation marks around articles.

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On an APA-style reference page, the rules for titles are a little different. In short, a title you would italicize within the body of a paper will also be italicized on a reference page. In short, a title you would italicize within the body of a paper will also be italicized on a reference page.

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Notice that the reference to the book has a page number (Gumwad ). This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book (not done for journal articles). This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a . In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author. Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source.

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Whenever you use a quote, you must properly cite it within the paper and list the source in the bibliography at the end of the paper. There are two ways to cite a quote from a book within an MLA-style essay, term paper or research paper: author cited in a signal . For instance, you may wish to specify which chapter of a book you are referring to. The proper method depends upon which citation style you are using. The Modern Language Association (MLA), American Psychological Association (APA) and Chicago Manual of Style all specify how to include specific chapters of unedited books in your reference list.