As you read the information in your bibliography, you'll want to take notes. Some teachers recommend taking notes on note cards. Each card contains the source at the top, with key points listed or quoted underneath. Others prefer typing notes directly into a word processor. No matter how you take notes, be sure to keep track of the sources for all your key facts. The best way to speed your writing is to do a little planning. Before starting to write, think about the best order to discuss the major sections of your report.
Generally, you will want to begin with your science fair project question so that the reader will know the purpose of your paper. What should come next? Ask yourself what information the reader needs to learn first in order to understand the rest of the paper. A typical organization might look like this:. When you write your research paper you might want to copy words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas from one of your sources. It is OK to copy such information as long as you reference it with a citation.
If the information is a phrase, sentence, or paragraph, then you should also put it in quotation marks. A citation and quotation marks tell the reader who actually wrote the information. For a science fair project, a reference citation also known as author-date citation is an accepted way to reference information you copy. Citation referencing is easy. Simply put the author's last name, the year of publication, and page number if needed in parentheses after the information you copy.
Place the reference citation at the end of the sentence but before the final period. A comma separates the page number or numbers from the year" Bloggs, , p. In that case, the first publication would have an 'a' after the publication year, the second a 'b', and so on. The reference will look like this" Nguyen, b.
When you work hard to write something, you don't want your friends to loaf and just copy it. Every author feels the same way. Plagiarism is when someone copies the words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas of someone else and presents them as his or her own. Decide as a group what you want your research paper to sound like. Your paper needs to have a voice established before you start writing, otherwise you risk getting lost in the process of writing it.
If possible, let every group member write about the area she is interested in the most. The whole group should write the introduction, conclusion and transitions between sections, so the text will flow naturally.
Keep things in check. Once the work has been distributed, group members should get to work. The leader should check in with them about a week after to see how everything is coming along, and address possible problems or new issues that were stumbled upon during research, and which might take the paper in a different direction.
Any information, including images, statistics, data, ideas, quotes or paraphrases, that you use from another source must be cited within the text of your paper. Place the in-text citation within the text of your paper after the information that the citation refers to. In most cases the citation will go at the end of the sentence, but in some cases where you are discussing a concept in more than one sentence, you will put the citation after a set of sentences that are all discussing the same idea or concept.
Additionally, sometimes you will have more than one idea within a sentence, and each idea will come from a separate source. When this is the case, you will have multiple in-text citations within the sentence. Review the guidelines of the particular type of writing style that you have been requested to use in writing your paper to determine the proper format for your in-text citations.
An example of an APA in-text citation would look like this: Jones and Jones discovered the principle of excitation. Alternatively, it may look like this: Ensure that each in-text citation matches up with a full citation placed in your reference list, which may be termed a bibliography or works cited list.
Steps in Writing a Research Paper A series of steps, starting with developing a research question and working thesis, will lead you through writing a research paper. As you move through these steps and actually create the research paper, you may find that you can't move through all of them in chronological order, and that's o.k.
A works cited page for a research paper is a bibliography of every source you pulled from in your paper. To do the works cited page on a research paper properly, take careful notes on every source you consult.
Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. In the introduction you will need to do the following things: present relevant background or contextual material ; define terms or . Below are examples of research paper outlines. Creating an outline is the first thing you should do before starting on your research paper.
Proper in-text citations within a research or term paper can make the difference between a passing and failing grade, as failure to provide proper in-text citations can lead to a charge of plagiarism. Using in-text citations helps tell the reader where the information you are discussing originated. Key Info. As you do your research, follow your background research plan and take notes from your sources of information. These notes will help you write a better summary. The purpose of your research paper is to give you the information to understand why your experiment turns out the way it does. The research paper should include.