Manager is the person who performs the function of management by using the available resources efficiently and effectively to accomplish desired goals and objectives. Contingency Theory of leadership is related to the business environment that determines which leadership style is best for the different situation.
According to this theory there is no single style of leadership is appropriate for all situations. Path-goal Theory is the third contingency model of leadership focuses on the leader to motivate subordinate. It suggests that the leader should remove hurdles, clarify the paths and increasing the reward for the followers to reach the goals by using any of the four leadership behaviour i. Directive leadership, Supportive leadership, Participative leadership and Achievement-oriented leadership.
House and Dessler, According to this theory you are either a natural born leader or you are not. This leadership theory is based on system of reward and punishment. Transformational leader imagines the big picture of the organisation and come with a new idea that moves an organisation to reach that level. I read a case study of an Apple founded by Steve Jobs in After reading the case study I found that Steve jobs is a transformational leader because he always comes with a new idea and effectively motivates his subordinates to reach his plan or goal.
Because of all these innovation I found that Steve jobs continuously transforming there products and making a new plan for the customers. Communication is the process of exchange and flow of information from one person to another.
Effective communication is a two way communication, in which the receiver gets the exact information that the sender transmitted. Communication is of two types verbal and nonverbal. In my group work my group mate and I discussed about the communication skills and the importance of communication in leadership. After that discussion we gave feedback to each other, in which I got average comment.
Motivation is the process of stimulating someone to use his willingness for fulfilling the desired goal. A leader motivates their followers by praising them or by giving them reward like bonus, incentive, promotion etc.
He arranged these needs in a hierarchy order i. A good leader is a good motivator he always inspires the individual by different theories of motivation.
During group discussion my group members gave me the positive feedback because they knew that in our finance assignment I helped one of my group member who find some problem in relating the ratios of the company with the economic factors, as I have a commerce background I helped him by giving theory and the proper link. Leadership grows from self-confidence, it is the fundamental basis of leadership. Leadership is about having confidence to make decisions. The group members or the followers can step forward towards the desired goal only when the leader is confident.
So the leaders confidence is directly proportionate to the followers. It is accepted that a manager should improve the output of the organization but it should be on the cost of the people working in the organization. The directing function of the manager is making people ready to perform certain task or assigning certain task to the people. This functional area of the manger has more to do with leadership. Once a task is to be performed, the concerned manager has to detail people or direct people to accomplish the task.
This is mostly done in different ways by a manager and a leader. However both leader and a manager use the function of directing. Followers voluntarily work as per the direction where as manager needs to have something else for motivating the people to work. This may be different to different organization and also as per the management style it differs. Organizations have special structure and policies to motivate the people to work and managers are part of it.
In the field of emergency medical services the directing function of the manager has a lot to do with routine jobs. Things are to be done at high pace and many times immediate decisions are to be taken. The chances of going these decisions wrong are high. In this scenario subordinates should be motivated and encouraged to take decisions at time of emergency. Also the manager should be able to provide directions without any delay.
His competence as a leader is very important. A leader comes forward to take the responsibility of the actions of his followers. The followers also recognize this fact and there are more people willing to work under a leader under emergencies. This is what actually needed in an emergency service. At the same time the leader should be conversant with the procedures adopted in an emergency.
A manager is a technical person and he is likely to be thorough in procedures and policies. Union of managerial qualities and leadership skills will be a good formula for emergency medical services. Leaders are emotionally more intelligent than ordinary managers. A manager wants to be successful should have high emotional intelligence. People having high emotional intelligence tend to be leaders.
He is not a pusher; he pulls rather than pushes Terry R G, A typical manager does not follow this style. He plans and direct people to get the work done. There is set of duties and responsibilities for each person in the organization.
A manager ensures this is been done. He uses his control function to see things are going as per the schedule. A manger often uses his control powers. In contrast a leader expects his subordinates to perform the way it is desired. For example if a staff is coming late to his duty. The typical manager may think of taking corrective action, where as a leader may be thinking to find out the reasons behind the late coming of the staff and may be willing to support that person.
Similar actions make the follower emotionally attached to the leader and they keep the individual interest only next to the common goals. In emergency medical service, emotional intelligence is a highly required quality of the person heading the operation. A leader who is empathetic and understands the emotions of others can do a lot in getting people involved in the service.
A leader should avoid knee jerk reactions. It is already said emotional intelligence makes the difference in actions of a manager and a leader. A manager who is low in emotional intelligence may follow only the rule book and this kind of attitude may lead to poor quality service especially in emergency medical service.
It is good to be knowledgeable but at the same time the managers should understand the need of being empathetic to the subordinates and the customers. The system is working with a lot of supervisors, ordinary staff and managers and a wide net work is being formed. Due to all these it has become very difficult for people associated with these services to survive without leadership skills. A leadership includes motivating and directing people to work.
Emergency service requires quick action and this demands intrinsic motivation rather than anything. Only a true leader can make the intrinsic motivation in people following him. A leader motivates people to work for a common goal.
In this service too, the person heads the department has to motivate the people to work for the common goal. A true leader can do it more effectively than a manager. A leader should be a team player. Emergency service is always a team play. Mere management principles will not make any difference to the organization. A lot of uncertainty is present with the Emergency services. A manager should be capable of handling these services. People under him should be willing to work for extra hours if required.
If extra service is required it should be given on volunteer basis. Here the scope of leadership is more visible. A leader can motivate his team members to provide their best. Team members perform will perform to their full potential when the team leader motivates them to do so. The team leader should be empathetic to his team mates. He should make the people well aware of the team goal and the members should feel that the goal is common to all.
Then only their full potential can be utilized. A leader should also provide a platform for the members to learn and grow. This will make the team members to become more professional. This will also increase the efficiency of the team to perform tasks. Functions of management are Directing, Organizing, Planning, controlling and staffing. Professional managers are trained to perform these functions.
Some people are on the view that Directing is the most important function of a manager. Many managers believe decision making is an important function of the manager. In the Emergency Medical Service Industry manager should be good at decision making.
He will have to make decisions in seconds. A manger is trained to have these qualities. In management schools Case studies are used to impart the skills of decision making. Leaders decision are derived from that of his team members where as the managers decisions are learned decision and the decision the manger thinks to be good for the company.
In respect to other function like controlling and planning a manger uses modern management tools. An ordinary leader may not know these tools for planning and controlling.
Hence in these function a manger may have an upper hand in delivering the duties. But if the manager has leadership skills then he can really outperform an ordinary manager. All leading management institutes have special curriculum to sharpen the leadership skills of the managers. It is also said it is important to become a leader then become a manager by learning management tools. Leadership involves in common interest and goal. By this common interest and goal a leader can motivate people to attain common goals.
Managers seek scientific methods to perform their task. Leaders are not interested in going for such tools and management techniques. They are good motivators. Many people believe leaders are born to be leaders but not they believe there are born managers.
People believe management qualities are trained. This may not be true regarding leadership qualities. For example, in accident sights some people emerge as leaders and guide others on what to do.
These leaders are not trained to become managers or leaders. It is also observed that such people repeat the leadership role in similar occasion. This shows they are born leaders. Many view that leadership skills can be trained on individuals. But training on leadership skill is more difficult than training on management skills.
It is also observed that function of direction is the most difficult part for any managers. Unless people have certain inborn skills it is difficult to direct other people. In emergency medical service, to make the service more useful and effective, leaders are required than mere mangers. Emergency situation are unique and the robotic act will not help. A kind of intuition is the requirement of medical services. It is not that made up managers will be a failure.
Essay on Management and Leadership Words 5 Pages Successful organizations have strong leaders and managers that develop, support and encourage employee longevity within a company.
Management Essays - Leadership and Management - John kotter who belongs to Harvard Business School classifies these two indifferent content, leadership as a part of management.
In this assignment I am going to define leadership and management, and then I will discuss some of the leadership theories i.e Contingency Theory, Path-goal Theory, Great man theory, Management theories, Transformational theory /leader. Management and Leadership Paper Within the organizational structure of most businesses you will likely find management and leadership coexisting. Commonly, the words are often substituted for on another. However, each word has a distinctly different definition. A manager does not necessarily make a .
Management and Leadership: Are They Synonymous? Although good management is needed to help organizations meet current commitments, good leadership . Oct 29, · Compare and contrast leadership and management essay. Leadership and management are two ways of organizing people that are effectively used in business relationships. Today it is impossible to imagine a business organization without an effective leader, as 4/5(10).