Now, what do mean by this? This means that conservation of a unit of energy is cheaper and environmentally more desirable than to generate an additional unit. For, it is estimated that generation of every additional kilowatt for one hour of energy requires an investment of Rs.
Excessive utilization of coal and oil for generation of electricity leads to the multiple problems of acid rain, and rising carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. There are also political and economic implications like the increasing tension in the Persian Gulf, which is the major petroleum exporting area, and failing international competitiveness.
All these threaten to strangle the world economy in a stagnation. Let us see how some steps taken to resolve these complex problems have tangled the issues further. To reduce dependence on oil for generation of electricity by burning coal and oil, hydroelectric power stations and atomic energy stations were advocated. Huge dams can make substantial contributions to economic development in electricity-short developing countries like India, but as in any large-scale electricity generating option, there are trade-offs.
Reservoirs inundate forests, farmland and wildlife habitats and uproot entire communities of indigenous people. Thus, hasty solutions to a given problem may create more complications rather than solving it. In the recent past, countries have been expanding their energy budget presumably thinking that energy expenditure was the only way to development, but today the perspective has changed.
One of the greatest challenges facing poor countries is to meet their energy needs without repeating the mistakes made by the rich countries. A goal of reducing national energy expenditure, if pursued rigorously, can lead to a strong emphasis on energy efficiency, improve economic competitiveness, and limit oil dependence. A policy of Polluter pays must be adopted.
Since the cost of oil and other nonrenewable energy sources is increasing, it is rapidly becoming more cost effective to use renewable sources. Although renewable energy technology is quickly advancing, renewable energy sources are not without potential environmental drawbacks such as the large amounts of land required to place solar panels, or the effect placing a dam on a river has on the surrounding area. This is a strong indicator that plans for building and placement of renewable energy technology have been created with sensitivity towards potential negative environmental issues.
Within our free market American belief system is the fundamental idea that the free market will drive change. At this time, with the American market clamoring to go green, our military fighting terrorism on foreign soil, and the cost of energy being at record highs, the time is right for change.
With the rate at which renewable energy technology is advancing and cost effective renewable energy is becoming available, the United States needs to accelerate the transition from traditional energy sources to renewable energy sources.
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Here is your short essay on Energy! Energy is a primary input for almost all activities and is, therefore, vital for improvement in quality of life. Its use in sector such as industry, commerce, transport, telecommunications, wide range of agriculture and household services has compelled us to.
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