The three main types of research design methods are qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods. The focus of this set of modules is qualitative research.
However, the following introductory video, A Brief Introduction to Research Design, offers a brief explanation of each method and a comparison.
Quantitative methods are used to examine the relationship between variables with the primary goal being to analyze and represent that relationship mathematically through statistical analysis. This is the type of research approach most commonly used in scientific research problems. Following is a list of characteristics and advantages of using quantitative methods: There are a variety of quantitative methods and sampling techniques that will be discussed in detail in the other modules in this unit.
However, following are examples of research questions where quantitative methods may be appropriately applied: The collection of numerical data through quantitative research methods lends itself well to large variety of research questions.
The following modules in this series will explore when to choose quantitative methods, how to write a good research question, types of quantitative methods, data analysis, ethics and many other topics that will lead to better understanding of quantitative research.
Introduction to Quantitative Research — The following PDF is an article that provides an introduction to quantitative research. Overview of Quantitative Research — Following is a narrated PowerPoint presentation that provides an excellent overview of quantitative research and the issues that will be discussed in these Research Ready modules. A Basic Introduction — Following is a link to a Slideshare presentation that offers and overview to quantitative research and data.
Strengths and Weaknesses of Quantitative Research — This link provides lists of the strengths and weaknesses of quantitative research. Research Methods — This resource describes the basic characteristics of quantitative research and gives an overview of methodologies, as well as a comparison with qualitative research. Qualitative and Quantitative Research — The link below contains a chart that describes the characteristics of quantitative research and compares them the characteristics of qualitative research.
This pin will expire , on Change. This pin never expires. Select an expiration date. About Us Contact Us. Search Community Search Community. An Overview of Quantitative Research This modules provides a basic overview of quantitative research, including its key characteristics and advantages.
Describe the uses of quantitative research design. Provide examples of when quantitative research methodology should be used. Participant-researcher relationship Closely associated with the idea that the researcher is the tool by which data are gathered is the important function of the participant-researcher relationship in qualitative research and its impact on research outcomes. Skill set required of the researcher Qualitative research requires a unique set of skills from the researcher, skills that go beyond the usual qualities of organization, attention to detail, and analytical abilities that are necessary for all researchers.
Techniques to build rapport with participants and active listening skills are only two examples. Flexibility of the research design A defining characteristic of qualitative research is the flexibility built into the research design. For instance, it is not until a focus group moderator is actually in a group discussion that he or she understands which topical areas to pursue more than others or the specific follow-up probing questions to interject.
And, a participant observer has little control over the activities of the observed and, indeed, the goal of the observer is to be as unobtrusive and flexible as possible in order to capture the reality of the observed events.
Types of issues or questions effectively addressed by qualitative research Qualitative research is uniquely suited to address research issues or questions that might be difficult, if not impossible, to investigate under more structured, less flexible research designs. Qualitative inquiry effectively tackles: Similarly, qualitative research is useful at gaining meaningful information from hard-to-reach or underserved populations such as children of all ages, subcultures, and deviant groups.
Messy analysis and inductive approach Without a doubt, qualitative research analysis is messy. The messiness of the interconnections, inconsistencies, and seemingly illogical input reaped in qualitative research demand that researchers embrace the tangles of their data from many sources.
Qualitative researchers analyze their outcomes from the inside out, organizing and deriving meaning from the data by way of the data itself. Unique capabilities of online and mobile qualitative research Online and mobile technology offer unique enhancements to qualitative research design. Questions and more questions. Paying Attention to Bias in Qualitative Research: December 12 kusp fyi. And, again, sorry for the delay. It is good I liked it, keep posting more on qualitative research method and practices Like Like.
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This article explains in simple terms some of the most common characteristics of qualitative research. Characteristics of qualitative research enhance analysis of the how and why in a given project rather than the where and when of the project metrics.
7 Characteristics of Quantitative Methods. Seven characteristics discriminate qualitative methods of research from qualitative ones. Data gathering instruments contain items that solicit measurable characteristics of the population (e.g. age, the number of children, educational status, economic status).
The characteristics of quantitative research are as follows: 1. Generation of models,theories and hypotheses 2. Collecting imperical data 3. Modelling of data 4. Analysis of data 5. Experimental control 6. Variable manipulation 7. Development of i. Characteristics of Quantitative Research Your goal in conducting quantitative research study is to determine the relationship between one thing [an independent variable] and another [a dependent or outcome variable] within a population.
Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative Research in data collection, online surveys, paper surveys, quantifiable research, and quantifiable data. 10 Distinctive Qualities of Qualitative Research Researchers conduct qualitative research because they acknowledge the human condition and want to learn more, and think differently, about a research issue than what is usual from mostly numerical quantitative survey research data.